目的：分析针灸治疗肠易激综合征的研究现状,为今后针灸在该领域的发展提供借鉴和参考。方法：以计算机检索为主,检索中国学术期刊全文数据库(CNKI)和Web of science数据库中相关文献,检索时间从建库至2020年3月15日。利用Citespace软件和文献计量学方法对文献基本信息、研究类型及对象、试验设计、干预措施和研究主题5个方面进行描述性分析。结果：从1996年-2020年共有相关文献175篇,其中临床研究170篇,影像研究5篇,发文量总体呈波折上升趋势。多数论文由国家级基金资助,研究对象以腹泻型肠易激综合征患者居多,对照组以药物对照为主,干预措施以针灸居多,观察指标以临床症状居多,“肠易激综合征”、“针刺”、“腹泻型”等词为高频关键词。结论：结合神经影像学技术探索其在针灸治疗肠易激综合征研究领域中有巨大潜力,研究者在今后可在此领域加大力度。
Objective The current situation of acupuncture in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) will be investigate, in order to provide information for further research in this field. Methods The relevant literature will be searched in CNKI and Web of science from inception to March 15. The five aspects including basic information, research types and objects, experiment design, interventions and research contents will be descriptively analysis by using Citespace and bibliometric methods. Results A total of 175 related articles were included from 1996 to 2020, of which there are 170 clinical studies and 5 imaging studies. The number of reviews was in an overall growing trend. The majority of papers were supported by national funds. Most participants of studies were patiens with IBS-D. The control group was dominated by drug control, the majority of intervention measures were acupuncture, and the largest number of observation indicators were clinical symptoms. The IBS, acupuncture, Diarrhea were high frequency keys. Conclusions It has great potential for acupuncture in the treatment of ibs by combining the neuroimaging techniques, further studies will be needed.