膝关节疼痛是膝骨性关节炎(Knee Osteoarthritis, KOA)患者求诊的主要原因。针刺治疗膝关节疼痛历史悠久,安全有效,但机理不完全明确。目前研究发现,膝关节局部因素和神经传导通路的改变共同参与了膝关节疼痛的形成。本文将从膝关节局部和神经传导通路两方面探讨KOA患者膝关节疼痛和针刺治疗的机理,并对针刺治疗KOA膝关节疼痛的相关研究的开展进行探讨和展望。
Knee joint pain is the main reason for patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) consulting for physician. Acupuncture treatment for knee pain is safe and effective with a long history, but the mechanism is not completely clear. At present, it has been found that local factors of knee joint and changes of nerve conduction pathway participate in the formation of knee joint pain. This paper will discuss the mechanism of KOA patients" knee pain and acupuncture treatment from two aspects: local knee joint factor and nerve conduction pathway factor. At the same time, the research on acupuncture treatment of KOA knee pain was discussed and prospected.