Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens is a commonly used Chinese medicine for both medicinal and edible purposes. The medicinal part of ginger is its fresh rhizome, which can be used for anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antiemetic purposes. In this study, the ecological factors for the suitability distribution of ginger resources were determined on the basis of full access to relevant data and literature. Remote sensing and GIS technology was used to extract ecological factors, and then GIS spatial overlay analysis technology and field investigation and verification method were used to extract and determine the suitable area and the most suitable area distribution range of ginger resources in Sichuan Province. Research showed that (1) Ginger suitable area mainly distributed in Nanchong, Dazhou, Mianyang and other cities, the most suitable area mainly distributed in Yibin, Ziyang, Neijiang. The total area of the most suitable area in Nanchong City was the largest, the Ya"an city was the smallest, Ganzi and Aba did not have the distribution of the most suitable area and the most suitable area. Suitable area and the most suitable area total area accounted for 7.846% of the province. (2) Ginger suitability distribution range and ginger resources roughly tallying with the actual distribution range, remote sensing and GIS analysis was used to study adaptive Ginger resources distribution has the feasibility and accuracy. (3) The research results provide reliable scientific basis for the resources, management and planning of Ginger, and also provide effective techniques and methods for the survey of other Chinese medicinal materials resources.